Category Archives: electronic resources

Free Online Resource for Immigration: Immigration Consequences of a Criminal Conviction in North Carolina

free

Charlotte Law Library is continuing a series of blogs on the free online resources available on the website of the North Carolina Court System Office of Indigent Defense Services (NCIDS).

This blog will focus on the Immigration Consequences of a Criminal Conviction in North Carolina available for free online as a pdf.

“Using a step-by-step approach to the immigration consequences of a criminal conviction, this essential guide explains the different types of immigration status and the various criminal convictions that trigger removal (deportation) in light of a person’s immigration status. Included is a detailed chart of immigration consequences of various North Carolina offenses as well as a removable, laminated checklist [print version] highlighting the key consequences.”

Here is the Table of Contents:

Immigration Consequences Manual

Title Page, Table of Contents, and Preface
Chapter 1: Overview
Chapter 2: Determining Your Client’s Citizenship and Immigration Status
Chapter 3: Criminal Grounds of Removal
Chapter 4: Conviction and Sentence for Immigration Purposes
Chapter 5: Determining Possible Immigration Consequences Based on Your Client’s Immigration Status
Chapter 6: Options for Minimizing Adverse Immigration Consequences
Chapter 7: Procedures Related to Removal
Chapter 8: State Post-Conviction Relief
Appendix A: Selected Immigration Consequences of North Carolina Offenses
Appendix B: Legal Resources for Indigent Defense Attorneys and Noncitizen Clients in North Carolina
(revised April 2008)
Summary Checklist

This manual is an invaluable resource for those who work in immigration law.  Just look at how this resource is packed with practical information!

Here is the Table of Contents of a typical chapter:

Chapter 6:

Options for Minimizing Adverse Immigration Consequences

6.1 General Rules 70

A. Offenses That Do Not Carry Adverse Immigration Consequences

B. Deferred Prosecution

C. Record of Conviction

D. Pleading Not Guilty

E. Post-Conviction Relief

6.2 Cases Involving Aggravated Felonies 72

A. Aggravated Felonies Triggered by a One Year Term of Imprisonment

B. Aggravated Felonies Triggered by More than a $10,000 Loss

C. Crime of Violence Aggravated Felony

6.3 Cases Involving Drugs 74

A. Possession of 30 Grams or Less of Marijuana

B. Simple Possession of a Controlled Substance

C. Accessory after the Fact

D. Non-Drug Charges

E. Admissions Involving Drugs

6.4 Cases Involving Crimes Involving Moral Turpitude 76

A. Offense That Is Not a Crime Involving Moral Turpitude

B. One Misdemeanor CMT

C. One Felony CMT for Noncitizen Admitted to the U.S. for More Than Five Years

6.5 Cases Involving Firearms 77

A. Weapons Offenses That Do Not Specifically Involve a Firearm

B. Non-Aggravated Felony

C. Accessory after the Fact

6.6 Cases Involving Domestic Violence 78

A. Offense That Is Not a Crime of Violence

B. Offense That Is Not Against a Person

Look for this symbol for future blogs on free online resources:

free

Come see us in the library for more resources in print and online.  And for immigration research, check out our Research Guide on Immigration Law.

~Mary Susan Lucas~

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Westlaw Webinars: Transition from Westlaw® Classic to WestlawNext®

Make the transition from Westlaw Classic to WestlawNext smoother in August with two upcoming webinars: “From Westlaw Classic to Next” webinars, Basic and Advanced.

Basic webinar:

  • Where to find your favorite aspects of Westlaw Classic on WestlawNext
  • Information on Finds and Searching
  • Boolean Searches
  • KeyCite®
  • Key Numbers

Advanced webinar:

  • Alerts on WestlawNext
  • Custom Pages (similar to tabs on Westlaw Classic)
  • Folders
  • Practical Law

Both webinars will review how to save the Research Trails you use the most on Westlaw Classic so you have them available for WestlawNext.

Upcoming Webinar Dates

  • Basic
    August 4th — 2pm Eastern, 1pm Central, Noon MT, 11am PT — Register Today

    Advanced
    August 7th — Noon Eastern, 11am CT, 10am MT, 9am PT — Register Today

    Basic
    August 13th — 1pm Eastern, Noon Central, 11am MT, 10am PT — Register Today

    Advanced
    August 15th — 1pm ET, Noon CT, 11am MT, 10am PT — Register Today

    Each of these classes will be held weekly through August; therefore, if the above times do not fit into your schedule, check the webinar page for more dates and times.

Online Trainings Available

Not able to attend? The topics covered in these webinars, as well as additional topics, are available through Westlaw in short, online trainings.

Visit the From Classic To WestlawNext training page for access and for more information.

Contact the reference desk if you have any questions or need any assistance!

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Self-Care as a Law Student: What do you do to take care of yourself?

As a law student, you are expected to attend classes, write scholarly papers, and perform at a superior level on assessments.  Additionally, you may be working while going to law school which involves meetings and time commitments.  You also may have a significant other, children, or family that requires time and support.  Lastly, you require the most basic needs of food, water, and shelter.  But your body and mind need more than the basic needs to function at a healthy level.

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What is Self-Care?

So, you may ask what is self-care and how will it benefit me.  Well, self-care involves behaviors and attitudes that assist in preserving an individual’s well-being and personal health.   Self-care is also a significant feature in managing stress.

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Importance of Self-Care

Self-care can benefit your physical and emotional health.  Physically, the relaxation that comes with doing self-care allows your body to trigger the relaxation response.  This relaxation response is vital to our health.  Without relaxation, our body would function in fight-or-flight mode where the body is constantly in a state of physiological arousal.  This relaxation response within our body allows our blood pressure, heart rate, and digestive functioning to return to its normal rate.

Emotionally, taking time to focus on your needs and wellbeing will make you feel great about your life and your body while expressing to others that you value yourself.  Additionally, as a caretaker, you may neglect your personal needs to take care of others, but this can lead to unhappiness, low self-esteem, and feelings of bitterness.  Engaging in self-care can transform you into a better caretaker for others.

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Effective Self-Care Strategies:

  1. Eat healthy foods
  2. Get between 6-8 hours of sleep per night
  3. Engage in regular physical activity
  4. Maintain social support and catch up with a friend
  5. Find a new hobby
  6. Reframe life circumstances in more positive, yet realistic ways
  7. Learn to say no
  8. Meditate
  9. Go offline
  10. Take an afternoon nap
  11. Journal
  12. Do yoga
  13. Listen to music
  14. Take a walk outside
  15. Have a pampering massage

For more self-care strategies, click here!

Additionally, check out our Health & Wellness LibGuide which includes print and electronic resources for you!

~Brooke Rideout~

References

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Filed under electronic resources, Of Interest to Law Students, Psychology and the law, Student Information

Net Neutrality or a Two-Tiered Internet?

What is net neutrality and what are the issues?

Law professor Tim Wu coined the phrase “net neutrality” in a 2003 law review article.   While net neutrality has a number of complex implications, the main idea here is that the Internet is an impartial conduit for information and that all traffic on the Internet would be equal.  That concept seems pretty straightforward. However, net neutrality is a complex, important concept to understand.

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Tim Wu (Open Rights Group)

Since the world moved from dial-up to broadband, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has worked to keep the Internet open and neutral. However, on January 4th, the DC Circuit Court of Appeals struck down the FCC’s “Open Internet” rules in Verizon v. FCC. Basically, the court stated that the FCC does not have the authority to impose its net neutrality rules on Internet service providers (ISPs).

“Even though the Commission has general authority to regulate in this arena, it may not impose requirements that contravene express statutory mandates. Given that the Commission has chosen to classify broadband providers in a manner that exempts them from treatment as common carriers, the Communications Act expressly prohibits the Commission from nonetheless regulating them as such.”

As a result of this decision, there is a grey area that allows Comcast or Verizon to charge extra to have content from certain providers like Netflix streamed more quickly or give preference to their business partners.

Founding Principle. The Internet was founded on the principle of net neutrality. As Sir Tim Berners-Lee, who created the World Wide Web, has said, “Being able to connect freely and equally to the Internet is the fundamental social basis of the Internet, and, now the society is based on it” (Scola, 2014). We take for granted that we as a members of our society, we can access the information we want just like everyone else.

Consumerism. The Consumers Union has been vocal in the debate on net neutrality. They believe that the new FCC rules while prohibiting Internet service providers from blocking traffic, would allow ISPs to charge online providers like Amazon, Google, or Netflix a fee for preferred access to customers. Delara Derakhshani, Policy Counsel for Consumers Union, stated that this Internet fast lane “could create a tiered Internet where consumers either pay more for content and speed, or get left behind with fewer choices” (“Internet,” 2014). Conceivably, content providers could give preferential treatment to online sites that pay them the most.

Innovation. American Libraries Association (ALA) President Barbara Stripling argues that having to pay for faster, efficient access would dissuade entrepreneurs from experimenting. Websites of small businesses and nonprofits would be out of the mainstream and all those start-ups would never make it out of their garages. Stripling has stated, “Many of the innovative services we use today were create by entrepreneurs who had a fair chance to compete for web traffic. By enabling the Internet service providers to limit access, we are essentially saying that only the privileged can continue to innovate” (Miller, 2014). While limiting access would not be the end of the Internet, we could lose the creativity that has resulted in current advances.

Intellectual Freedom. The ALA’s policy statement on the issue of net neutrality is based on the value of intellectual freedom. Intellectual freedom is one of the ethical principles of the profession and is included in the Code of Ethics of the American Library Association. Intellectual freedom is the “right of all peoples to seek and receive information from all points of view without restriction.”  The Internet allows everyone to inform themselves and others. Without net neutrality, information could be more restricted.

Digital Divide. In April, the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) held a hearing to focus on the role of libraries in providing Internet Services. The IMLS is charged with advising the president and Congress in such matters. The hearings highlighted the fact that the digital divide continues to grow in this country. A Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project report in 2013 states that while 70% of Americans have broadband access; 88% of households with incomes over $75,000 have broadband. Only 54% of households with an annual income of less than $30,000 have broadband. Furthermore, the Pew study found 63 million Americans do not have either a broadband connection or a smartphone.

Access.  Public libraries, not only worried about having to negotiate with ISPs over potentially high rates for patrons to have access to the library’s resources, are also concerned about the broader issue of protecting the equitable use of the Internet for the “common good.” 77 million people use the public library for Internet access each year (“ALA Responds,” 2014). According IMLS President Susan Hildreth, 60% of American libraries offer the only free computer Internet access in their communities and only 9% of those have high capacity connections (Herther, 2014). Furthermore, Internet service providers will not have any business incentive to run fiber optic cable to small towns; and without fiber optic cable, there is no broadband access. Without a policy of net neutrality, these numbers will only go down.

Some organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) have gone so far as to warn that ISPs could conceivably slow down the websites of political parties and other organizations with which the ISPs’ executives disagree.

A Solution. Kathleen Ann Ruane in a report for the Congressional Research Service suggests a solution for the FCC that would enable the Commission to continue its advocacy of net neutrality. According to the Verizon ruling, the FCC does have the authority to issue rules; however, because Internet service providers are classified as information services rather than telecommunication services, the net neutrality rules concerning anti-blocking and anti-discrimination were thrown out. A reclassification of broadband Internet service providers would seem to be a logical solution for the FCC and others advocating for net neutrality.

Net neutrality is complex and important issue.  After reading about the issues, there are still other underlying questions such as: how do you allocate scarce resources (bandwidth) in a free market economy? Traditionally that would be regulated by price. So then the question becomes who pays and how much? This blog only touches the surface.

Still confused?

John Oliver describes net neutrality as the most boring important issue. His humorous You Tube video (13:17) is worth watching. He gives a not-so-boring explanation.

What Can We Do?

Activists protest against proposed new net neutrality rules outside Federal Communications Commission in May. (Alex Wong/Getty Images)

Activists protest against proposed new net neutrality rules outside Federal Communications Commission in May. (Alex Wong/Getty Images)

Or we could….

Email comments to the FCC at openinternet@fcc.gov. The FCC has established a new inbox to accept comments through the summer. Chairman Wheeler plans to have new rules in place before the end of the year.

An Addendum

On Thursday, July 10, 2014, 11 higher education and library groups issued a set of 11 principles regarding net neutrality meant for the FCC to consider in its rule making. The principles can be found at http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/EPO1305_1.pdf

Want to read more?

  • American Library Association. (2014, March/April). ALA responds to net neutrality decision. American Libraries Magazine, 45(3/4), 10.
  • Chant, I. (2014, February 15). Court strikes down net neutrality. Library Journal, 139(3), 12-14.
  • Delta, G.B. & Matsuura, J. H. (2014).  Regulation of Access, Interoperability, and Services.
  • In Law of the internet.  St. Paul, MN:  Thomson/West.
  • Heller, M. (2014, June 23). What should academic librarians know about net neutrality? [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://acrl.ala.org/techconnect/?p=4396
  • Herther, N. K. (2014, June).  FCC and IMLS update focus. Information Today, 31(5), 1-35.
  • Internet rules could put you in the slow lane. (2014, July). Consumer Reports, 79(7), 10.
  • Miller, R.T. (2014). A commons at risk. Library Journal, 139(3), 8.
  • Scola, N. (2014, June 12). Five myths about net neutrality. The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/five-myths-about-net-neutrality/2014/06/12/ff58ad7c-ec06-11e3-93d2-edd4be1f5d9e_story.html

~Betty Thomas~

 

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Filed under electronic resources, News, Of Interest to Law Students, Websites

Check Out Our New Federal Tax Research Guide

If you are new to the Charlotte School of Law community, you may be interested to know that CSL librarians develop and maintain a collection of electronic legal research guides.  These guides “contain a range of information tools that are designed to assist you with your research and study at Charlotte School of Law. They are a pathway to library resources most relevant to your area of study. LibGuides are created by CSL librarians and contain recommended library resources – books, databases, journals and websites, as well as helpful research tips.”

One of the most recent legal research guides added to the collection is a Federal Tax Research Guide.  This guide “covers both primary and secondary sources of tax law and was created to help facilitate the tax research process.”  It directs users to both print and electronic tax law resources, including the Internal Revenue Code, judicial sources, agency orders and opinions, memoranda and announcements, current awareness resources, the U.S. Master Tax Guide, the Internal Revenue Manual, and more.

To browse other legal research guides or to receive email alerts when guides of interest to you are published, click here.  And, as always, contact the reference desk if you have any questions or need any assistance!

~Shannon Reid~

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Filed under Books & Stuff, electronic resources, Free Online Resources, Libguides, Of Interest to Law Students

Westlaw Webinars: Transition from Westlaw® Classic to WestlawNext®

Make the transition from Westlaw Classic to WestlawNext smoother in June with two upcoming webinars: “From Westlaw Classic to Next” webinars, Basic and Advanced.

Basic webinar:

  • Where to find your favorite aspects of Westlaw Classic on WestlawNext
  • Information on Finds and Searching
  • Boolean Searches
  • KeyCite®
  • Key Numbers

Advanced webinar:

  • Alerts on WestlawNext
  • Custom Pages (similar to tabs on Westlaw Classic)
  • Folders
  • Practical Law

Both webinars will review how to save the Research Trails you use the most on Westlaw Classic so you have them available for WestlawNext.

Upcoming Webinar Dates

  • From Westlaw Classic to Next Basic – June 17 at 10 am CT – Register today.
  • From Westlaw Classic to Next Advanced – June 18 at 2 pm CT – Register today.
  • From Westlaw Classic to Next Basic – June 20 at 12 (Noon) pm CT – Register today.
  • From Westlaw Classic to Next Advanced – June 23 at at 3 pm CT – Register today.
  • From Westlaw Classic to Next Basic – June 26 at 12 (Noon) pm CT – Register today.
  • From Westlaw Classic to Next Advanced – June 27 at at 1 pm CT – Register today.

Visit the webinar page for more information about these and other upcoming webinars.

Online Trainings Available

Not able to attend? The topics covered in these webinars, as well as additional topics, are available through Westlaw in short, online trainings.

Visit the From Classic To WestlawNext training page for access and for more information.

Contact the reference desk if you have any questions or need any assistance!

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ProQuest Downtime for System Maintenance — June 14 and 15

On June 14, 2014 ProQuest will make improvements to its internal systems to accommodate a growing number of users and to reduce the need for future downtime.

ProQuest expects both ProQuest and ProQuest Congressional to not be available from approximately 10:00 PM EDT, Saturday, June 14, 2014 through 06:00 AM EDT, Sunday, June 15, 2014.

Contact the reference desk if you have any questions or need any assistance!

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ALR Student’s Corner: Law.com

lawcom

Few blogs, regardless of their focus, are more aptly named than Law.com.  While the majority of legal blogs offer original content, a dedicated blogger or staff, Law.com functions more like a comprehensive aggregator to newspaper articles, journals, and blogs from the United States and around the world.

Law.com is a “virtual property” of ALM Media Properties, LLC, a marketing and advertising firm whose primary focus is on the legal profession. The main page is crisp and clear, with no embedded videos, pop-up surveys, or animated .gifs cluttering the screen, except for two banner ads at the top and in the upper right, which are constantly refreshed to offer various legal products and services.  Icons to connect with Law.com and the rest of ALM’s virtual properties via Twitter, LinkedIn, and Google+ are prominently displayed, as well as, an icon to customize RSS feeds and a button which links to a sign-up page to receive ALM’s virtual newsletters.  ALM also offers a full suite of apps for Law.com and other ALM sites available for both Android and IOS phones and tablets.

lawcom1

Visitors to the site are informed of major cases, trends, activities at leading firms, and even milestones in the careers of influential professionals with continually updated headlines.  Past articles can be found via a keyword search box, while the most popular current links are featured in a “Most Viewed” column on the right-hand side.  While Law.com offers no original content or opinion pieces, a broad range of topics are covered and organized into the following categories which are accessible via a link bar at the top of the home page:

News

This section features headlines and links to the most current legal news from around the world.  The headlines are constantly refreshed, often several times a day.  The drawback to this feature is that some of articles on the referral sites are behind a pay wall, so unless the visitor also happens to be a subscriber to the referral site, there is no way to read the article.

lawcom2

International

The International page offers a continually refreshed main headline above additional headlines grouped by geographic region, including North America, Europe, Asia, Middle East, Africa, Latin America, “Australasia,” and “Cross-Border.”  Each region groups headlines specific to its territory, with each group of regional headlines also continually refreshed.  As with the main news site, however, visitors may also encounter proprietary content or paywalls when clicking on links to international sites.

The Hot Seat

Bribery. Money laundering. Investment scams. Lawyers don’t just represent folks accused of such crimes; lawyers often are the accused. Here, Law.com collects stories of lawyers accused of defrauding clients, judges charged with abusing their powers, and individuals who’ve just plain gone off the rails with behavior so bizarre we can only wonder, “What were they thinking?” While some of the accused lawyers and judges have been cleared of all charges, others have been reprimanded, sanctioned, or sent to jail. Their tales are funny, sad, weird — and not to be missed.

The remaining links are to sites which promote products, services, research, and training materials from ALM or its subsidiaries, exclusively or through an affiliation with Westlaw and LexisNexis.  These promotional links include the following:

Last, but not least, ALM offers membership subscriptions either through an existing LinkedIn profile or by creating a new profile on ALM’s proprietary platform.  Because there is no original content on Law.com or any of the other ALM sites, all of the aspects of “community” typically created through comment sections, bulletin boards, listicles, etc., are not available.  Instead, ALM connects its members tangentially via their profiles on LinkedIn and Google+.

If you’re in need of a concise website that is easy to scan on your phone, tablet, or laptop over morning coffee, in between calls, or at any other time throughout the day, Law.com is probably one of the best.  Just skimming the headlines and glancing through the “Most Viewed” and “International” sections will keep you up-to-date on all of the major events in the legal profession.  Additionally, the “Legal Research & Directories” section is always ready to help you find a quick citation to a secondary source or case on point.  What Law.com may lack in originality and flash, it more than makes up for in efficiency and reliability, just like the legal professionals it was designed to serve.

~ Charles Stafford, L’14 ~

Class Advisor – Cory M. Lenz, Esq.

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Filed under Advanced Legal Research, electronic resources, Of Interest to Law Students, Student Postings

A New Look for CALI’s Website – Important Dates to Note

cali1

The wait is almost over….CALI will be revealing a new design to their website on TUESDAY, JUNE 3, 2014.

It’s more than just a facelift- there are going to be some great new features with the website, including:

  • Cleaner interface for easier navigation
  • Tighter search function that incorporates more CALI resources
  • A responsive design so it looks great on mobile devices
  • New and Improved FAQs
  • Same URLs for Lessons and other resources

and much, much more!  Full tours and explanations will be available after launch.  And no, you WILL NOT have to register on the new site.  Your current username and password will still work and all personal Lesson data will be available on the new site.

PLEASE NOTE THE FOLLOWING:

The CALI website will be offline and unavailable on Monday, June 2.  There will be no ability to register, run lessons, login, or anything.  No CALI website on June 2.  Have I said that date enough?  Let’s do it one more time….There will be no CALI website available on Monday, June 2 because they will be putting up the new site.  Check out the progress page at www.cali.org for the day to keep you up to date.

So, drum-roll please….here’s your sneak peak.  They’re still doing the final zhoozzing, but this will give you an idea of what to expect on June 3.  Because remember…no CALI website on Monday, June 2.

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cali3

Thank you for your patience during this time.  If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact the Reference Desk!

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Employer Expectations for Legal Research Skills

Several weeks ago LexisNexis hosted a webinar about the legal research skills that employers expect from newly minted JDs. While this is a popular topic and quite a few articles have been written on the subject, I found this particular session to be more practical for students and faculty. The webinar included three guest speakers.

legalresearchskills 

Sally Wise, Library Director, University of Miami School of Law spoke about the American Association of Law Libraries’ (AALL) Principles and Standards for Research Competencies. AALL has created a website (http://www.aallnet.org/main-menu/Advocacy/legalresearchcompetency)that delineates the five principles, seventeen standards, and forty-three related competences of legal research education. These standards are meant to bring value to the legal profession in several, practical ways. The competencies can be incorporated in law school curriculum, law firm training, and CLE instruction. As an assessment tool, the principles and standards can be used as part of the ABA Learning Outcome Standards, questions in bar exams, and lawyer performance evaluations.

Elaine Egan, Manager, Department of Information & Knowledge Services, Shearman & Sterling spoke about expectations from a large law firm perspective. She sees that there are a number of challenges for new graduates:

  • Now, there are countless electronic content resources, where in the past there were a limited number of print resources.
  • Law firms now operate more like businesses. The mentoring and apprenticeship model is a luxury that firms no longer can afford.
  • Firms deal with complex global markets that add cultural complexities.
  • Firms have to provide higher levels of service, efficiency and cost containment than in the past.

Egan finds that her colleagues are giving new associates the following advice:

  • Ask questions to completely understand the research assignment.
  • Ask about specific resources that the firm might have that were not available in law school.
  • If you must use Google, use it correctly. Use the 10 minute rule and validate your results.
  • Make sure to use valid, authoritative sources such as Bloomberg rather than Yahoo! Finance.

She sees a need for graduates to have business and knowledge management skills. Graduates would benefit from understanding finance, accounting, marketing and operations, the core courses required in traditional MBA programs. Also, understanding knowledge management principles help new associates relate to clients as well as benefit their own organization. Furthermore, as with many types of organizations, Egan recommends that new JDs be knowledgeable of project management processes.

Julie M. Jones, Branch Librarian at the Second Circuit Court of Appeals Library in Hartford, Connecticut talked about expectations for working in the Federal Courts. As law clerks, new law school graduates spend much of their time reading case law and writing. The top primary tasks of law clerks require important critical thinking skills.

Jones points out the availability of libraries in the federal courts system. The headquarters is at the circuit court of appeals and there are branch libraries around the circuit. The judges advise clerks to use the 10 minute rule. When clerks have spent that time, judges will tell clerks to contact the library for help.

Jones highlighted several sources that new law clerks need to have extensive knowledge:

  1. Citations. Law school students need to know how to use the BlueBook index, search case law for examples, and cobble together citations. The source to know:  BlueBook.
  2. Case Law.Law clerks research case law all the time, so they must be able to do online advanced searching with skilled Boolean queries, field and segment searching, leverage Lexis Advance and WestlawNext, and be able to correctly Keycite and Shepardize results. The Source to know: PACER. Students need to understand binding authority and levels of authority in the same court.
  3. Statutes & Rules. Students need to know how to use annotated codes. Law clerks live in the Federal Rules of Civil and Criminal Procedures. Sources to know:  Fed. R. Civ. Pro., Fed. R. Crim. Pro., Moore’s, Wright & Miller. They should be familiar with the treatises because they are used regularly.
  4. Jury Instructions. Questions come up on this subject all the time. Sources to know: Sand’s Modern Federal Jury Instructions (preferred in 2nd Circuit) and O’Malley’s Federal Jury Practice and Instructions. Incoming law clerks should know what jury instructions are; how to use them; and how these are different from pattern jury instructions.
  5. Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Law students need to know what they are and how they are calculated. Some familiarity with crack cocaine sentencing guidelines in particular would be helpful. Source to know: U.S.S.C. Guidelines Manual.
  6. Format: Print or Online?With federal budgets, formats change. Federal courts do have access to WestlawNext and Lexis Advance. However, court accounts do not have folder and note taking features for security reasons so students should know how to work without those features. Some judges have strong preferences for clerks to use print resources. Also, the Second Circuit has limited access to Bloomberg Law. Sources to know: HeinOnline, Lexis, and Westlaw.

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Carolyn Bach, Manager of Faculty Programs, Law Schools forLexisNexis concluded the session by covering LexisNexis™ Think Like a Lawyer Resources like the on-demand tools, cost effective research classes, and the new microsite at www.lexisnexis.com/tlal . Again this summer, students will have the same access to Lexis that they have during the year. May graduates can get an ID that can be used for educational purposes through December 2014.

~Betty Thomas~

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Filed under Books & Stuff, Careers, electronic resources, Of Interest to Law Students